The ongoing conflict in Syria remains the largest displacement crisis. The scale of the humanitarian emergency has worsened as the country has moved through eight years of war. Now, in its ninth year of instability, while conflict is limited to particular areas, overall the situation across Syria remains precarious. Host countries, like Jordan, are struggling to maintain social and economic stability; over 85% of Syrians live below the national poverty line. Despite the growing needs, many are instead facing potential cuts to services because of a lack of funding. Resettlement options have greatly reduced in 2018 and 2019, meaning pressure on key services, such as cash assistance and health. There are 757,750 refugees registered with UNHCR Jordan as of April 2019. The majority of these are Syrian. While 16 per cent of Syrians are registered in the camps, most of the Syrian refugees live in urban areas. Over 80% of out-of-camp refugees remain below the national poverty line of ($100) per capita per month. This results in considerable hardship in meeting daily needs & accessing adequate shelter, food, healthcare & education. Those residing in the camps of Zaatari, Azraq & the Emirati Jordanian camp receive multi-sectoral assistance from a variety of agencies; the potential for diminished funding over time however threatens the maintenance of minimum standards across key sectors in the medium term. The Kingdom is also home to 56 nationalities of refugees other than Syrian, predominantly Iraqi, Yemeni, and Sudanese & Somali, all of whom live in urban areas. UNHCR Jordan operation is complex, dynamic & innovative. The operation moves at high speed & requires regular adaptability & flexibility. In the camps of Zaatari and Azraq, UNHCR is involved in a range of activities & services, including camp coordination, protection & outreach, community services, livelihoods, shelter & energy. In urban areas, support is mainly in the form of monthly cash assistance, with UNHCR Jordan maintaining one of the largest & most innovative cash-based intervention programmes in the world, as well as access to healthcare, community support & protection activities in collaboration with the Government of Jordan. Overall, the operation is large and still maintains a high degree of visibility, thus it still experiences an extremely high number of visitors, including over 250 high level visits in 2018 alone, including increasing interest from the Gulf and private sector.